Aerial Archaeology is the study of how humans used landscapes in the past.
These activities include both the actual taking of photographs and the mapping and interpretation of archaeological sites visible on aerial photos.
There are two main kinds of aerial photograph; oblique images which are taken specifically to record archaeological sites and vertical photographs which are usually taken for other purposes.
Vertical photographs are taken at a specific nominal scale, for example 1:5,000 (which means that an object in the photographs is 5,000 times smaller than it is on the ground).
The oblique view is more familiar than the vertical plan view. However, the effects of perspective mean that the scale of the image varies across the photograph; the background being of smaller scale than the foreground which is closer to the camera.
Archaeology aerial photography is ideal for locating lost monuments and tracking features, especially those that are not visible at ground level, those that are under the soil and cannot be seen on a field walk and those that can only be seen under certain conditions.
Aerial photography is used in cartography (particularly in photogrammetric surveys, which are often the basis for topographic maps), land-use planning, archaeology, movie production, environmental studies, power line inspection, surveillance, commercial advertising, conveyancing, and artistic projects.
An example of how aerial photography is used in the field of archaeology is the mapping project done at the site Angkor Borei in Cambodia from 1995–1996. Using aerial photography, archaeologists were able to identify archaeological features, including 112 water features (reservoirs, artificially constructed pools and natural ponds) within the walled site of Angkor Borei.
Video showing real example of Aerial Archaeology drones:
Some Aerial Archaeology drone key specs:
|Model||Net Weight||Max Flight Time||Max Speed|
|DJI Phantom 1||998 g||15 min||36 Km/h|